Tag Archives: New Orleans

New Orleans

French QuarterTime to finally write about one of my favourite cities in the US, if not in the whole world, New Orleans. I absolutely love the place and it is actually a shame that I had to wait for so many years to see it again.

My first visit there was in 2001 when we stopped in the Crescent City during our transcontinental trip from Florida to California. We only had a few hours to explore this amazing place before heading further west. We did our best, walking constantly for hours through the streets of the French Quarter, and the city really made its impact.

Still, it was only a few hours stop and we didn’t have a chance to try its famous (or, for some, infamous) night-life. So, finally, after all those years I decided to visit the city again and see if it is really as great as I remember it. It could be just that because it was one of the first such places I have ever visited I just have too good memories of it. Then of course was the hurricane Katrina in 2005. So, how is New Orleans now?

New Orleans Guest HouseThis time we decided to stay here for longer and booked ourself a cheap room in a guest house right on the edge of the Vieux Carré (as the French Quarter is also called), literally minutes from all the action of Bourbon Street. It was not particularly imaginatively named as “New Orleans Guest House” but it was historic building, painted pink, with a nice patio (where breakfast was served) and a resident cat. All the right boxes ticked then. After parking our Mustang and dropping bags into our room we hit the town immediately.

As I mentioned already, the hotel wasn’t in the French Quarter proper but it was still in a historic neighbourhood with narrows streets, old houses (some quite tired looking but still charming) however also surprisingly quiet and non touristy. It really felt local and low key, precisely like I have alays imagined residential parts of the old New Orleans. After a further few minutes walk we found ourselves in the heart of the action, right on Jackson Square in the centre of the French Quarter.French Quarter 4

Which isn’t really French at all. Most of the buildings and all the feel and atmosphere people associate with the French heritage is actually Spanish. I mean New Orleans was of course established in 1718 by the French (specifically by certain Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville) but it was ceded to Spain in 1763. Then in 1788 The Great New Orleans Fire and another great fire in 1794 destroyed most of the Quarter’s old French colonial architecture, leaving the colony’s new Spanish overlords to rebuild it according to more modern tastes. So all the colourful walls and tiled roofs as well as the elaborately decorated ironwork balconies and galleries are examples of Spanish rather than French heritage.French Quarter 3

Which of course doesn’t really matter. What matters is the fact that is is one of the best preserved colonial districts in Americas as well as damn fun place to spend some time.

Now, there are some parts of Vieux Carré which feel rather too commercial. Area around the Jackson Square as well as part of Bourbon Street closest to the Canal Street are the best examples. They are dominated by shops selling or sorts of tacky stuff as well as bars with very little atmosphere. It can also get quite rowdy around that part of town after dark.

However, New Orleans is not all about the French Quarter. It might be the touristy heart of town but the Central Business District is located immediately west of it, right across the grand Canal Street which is a wide, palm-lined, boulevard with vintage trams running along its median. This part of town was developed in the wake of the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, as people from other parts of the United States flocked to the city. Consequently, the district began to be referred to as the American Sector and its architecture resembles other American cities. It is nice but not particularly unique.New Orleans at Dusk

While we were wandering around there we stumbled across a free afternoon concert organized on the Lafayette Square (the second oldest park in New Orleans) which was simply called Wednesday on the Square and was co-organized by the New Orleans Saints football team. Music was good, beer was cheap and people were friendly, what else one might need?

Canal StreetStill it is only after dark when the Big Easy shows its best side, especially in the French Quarter where we went back after the concert. Neons illuminate and advertise the whole galaxy of watering holes in various shapes and sizes. One of them is Lafitte’s Blacksmith Shop which built sometime before 1772 is one of the older surviving structures in New Orleans. It also claims to be the oldest continually occupied bar in the United States. True or not it was quite a fun place. Very dark, with two super efficient and professional, but also positively grumpy, barmen who complained about the fact how the tour groups complain about their bad service. Here I’m all with them. How can two guys serve 40 bloody pensioners from a coach tour coming all at the same time? Besides, it is a bar not a museum, take you damn tour group somewhere else.

Buffa's LoungeAs much as the French Quarter bars are fun we wanted to try something less touristy and more local. For that we went back in the direction of our hotel. Very quickly things got calmer and bars got much more laid back than in the main tourist zone. Here, on the corner of the Esplanade Avenue (which is technically a boundary between the French Quarter and the Faubourg Marigny neighbourhood) and Burgundy Street we found Buffa’s Lounge. It was a real gem with friendly staff serving cheap bourbon and beer. And if you like drinking spirits you’re gonna love New Orleans. Nobody bothers with precise measuring of your drink with some official measuring tools (like you see in the UK), they just pour a generous portion straight from the bottle. And I mean really generous. The usual shot in Buffa’s was at least twice the size of the double shot in London. I’m not kidding you.

All in all we had lots of fun and spent more time in the bar than we were planning. In fact there is still an ongoing debate how long did we actually stay and how did we got back to our hotel. There are some vague recollections of wandering underneath the freeway (which wasn’t really on the way to our hotel) but not much else is known for sure.

Hurrica Katrina ExhibitionThe following day we went back to the French Quarter for yet more wanderings. To escape brief rain we got inside Louisiana State Museum located in historic building right on Jackson Square. Its most interesting exhibition is called Living with Hurricanes: Katrina and Beyond is well worth visiting. It explains in detail the dreadful events of August 2005 when Katrina hit the city. Its authors clearly tried to straighten some myths and misconceptions which many people carry after watching those events on TV, often thousands of miles away. I found the exhibition very interesting but there are signs of curators trying over glorify the local response a bit to counter the bad press the city got back then.

After touring the French Quarter and the CBD for a few hours we decided to drive to yet another interesting part of town, the Garden District. Located upriver from both the French Quarter and the downtown it is a residential neighbourhood dominated by large historic houses built mostly between 1832 and 1900. This whole area was once a number of plantations, including the Livaudais Plantation. It was sold off in parcels to mainly wealthy Americans who did not want to live in the French Quarter with the Creoles. It became a part of the city of Lafayette in 1833, and was annexed by New Orleans in 1852. The district was laid out by New Orleans architect, planner and surveyor Barthelemy Lafon and you could actually call it an archetypal suburb. Garden District Mansion

We walked around the neighbourhood in random pattern admiring beautiful “gingerbread” decorated late Victorian houses and lush subtropical gardens which surrounds them. It felt like fantastic (but also exclusive and expensive) place to live, very different from the poor parts of the city which dominate the public image of New Orleans in media. Before heading out of the Garden District we popped in to a local restaurant and treated ourselves to a delicious waffle which was served with so many tasty toppings that I would have to write a separate blog entry just trying to explain it.Garden District

That was the last point on our visit to the Big Easy as we had to start heading back towards Texas where our trip was about to end in a few days. I have to admit that normally after a few hours in any city in America I’m eager to hit the open road again. This time was different as I felt that even after two days I could still stay longer. I think New Orleans definitely became my favourite city in America.

Imagine that someone offers you a trip to any city in the US under the condition that you will have to stay in that one place for at least a week and don’t go anywhere else. For me it wouldn’t be Chicago or Boston, not even San Francisco or NYC and definitely not the overrated Austin. Only New Orleans. It is a place where one can calm down, chill out and simply enjoy simple life visiting different local bar every night (and day) to listen to good music and savour tasty food and cocktails. Enjoy!Taste of New Orlean's

American Reading: History


book collection verticalEven when I’m not travelling to America I continue reading books on that subject. Today I would like to share with you three fascinating titles about the early colonial history of America. The first two especially are close to my interests as they investigate in depth early British – American links.

So, the first book I would like to mention is Making Haste from Babylon: The Mayflower Pilgrims and Their World by Nick Bunker. It describes in great detail the crucial events of the late 16th and early 17th centuries which lead to the establishment of the Plymouth Plantation by the “pilgrims”. Actually, this book is as much about British history as it is about American. In fact it probably tells us more about Britain and Europe in those years than about America. The book concentrates on the Puritan movement which developed at that time and which flourished in a few regions of England from where the majority of the influential pilgrims came from. Bunker concentrates on Nottinghamshire and some parts of Sussex. He also describes the political and religious situation in Britain in those years as well as the European wars, politics and economy (which all contributed to establishing New Plymouth). This book is well researched and investigates many different angles to an otherwise well known but often simplified and stereotypical story of the pilgrims. There is for example a great chapter describing puritans exiled in Leiden which provides great insight into Dutch history and British – Dutch links.

Overall I really enjoyed this book. Some reviews on various websites are a bit critical, especially about the author describing lots of detailed facts and not linking them as well as he could or, on the other hand, stretching some links too far. For a non-historian like myself (though with a great interest in history) this criticism is too harsh. Also, living in London I really enjoyed all the small facts and links to the whole history to London, like mentioning inns and churches where Puritans met in the City, or streets where prominent backers of the whole colonial enterprise lived.

The second book I want to write about today is Death or Victory: The Battle for Quebec and the Birth of Empire by Dan Snow. It describes events almost exactly 150 years later than the first book. By then the British and French colonies in America were well established and had started playing a major role in those countries’ history. They were no more peripheral outposts but places crucial to the development of the great colonial empires. As the title implies the book concentrates on the battle of Quebec in 1759 in which British forces defeated the French and took over North America. As with the aforementioned story of the pilgrims this is another detailed and well researched book focusing on a relatively narrow subject. It describes the British military machine of that time (including many technical aspects of the Royal Navy and British Army) and colonial societies, but it concentrates on this one particular military campaign. There are a lot of references to diaries and letters by British and French officers (especially the British commander general James Wolfe) which gives the book quite a personal feel. As a geographer I also enjoyed the detailed descriptions of local topography and wider geography and how it influenced those historic events. The author describes for example how tides on the St Lawrence river influenced manoeuvring by the navy or how the steep slopes on the both banks of the river limited landing possibilities. Overall this book is a great read for a history buff like me.

Now, what I also really enjoyed is how these books connect to my travels. A couple of years ago I managed to visit Plymouth, Massachusetts, where pilgrims established their settlement and the last year I visited Westerham, Kent, where general Wolfe was borne and where he lived in house which is nowadays called Quebec House (more about the visit here). Now I would definitely like to visit Quebec to see the places described in the second book. However, that has to wait as I just came back from another of my US adventures and need to replenish my budget.

And that’s where I have to mention the third book I wanted to write about today: The Accidental City: Improvising New Orleans by Lawrence N. Powell. Yes, you guessed it. It is yet another detailed historical book concentrating on a fairly narrow subject. But don’t worry, it’s not as narrow as the previous two. Basically it is a history of the first 100 years of New Orleans. And what a fascinating history it is. For a start the city is located in the wrong place. Literarily. Its founder, Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville, ignored orders from France and established it in a less than ideal site (with limited commercial or agricultural merit, founded on unstable soil, and subject to heat, disease, floods, torrential rain, and hurricanes) in a place where he had some properties and personal interests. As you can see corruption is not a new phenomenon. The book covers the period starting from founding of New Orleans in 1718 and ending in 1815 by when the city is already under control of the young United States. In that span it switched from French to Spanish hands (1763), was burned and flooded a few times, moved back under French control (1801), before being taken over by the Americans and fighting off the British. All this is interesting in itself but the best aspect of the book are the parts where the author describes its geographical, demographic and social background.

New Orleans has developed distinct ethic and cultural mix and source of this mix is in those first 100 years. It always had a large slave population but under French, and especially Spanish, rule that society developed in a distinctively different way to other parts of the American south. Part of the reasons were the different cultural attitudes of French and Spanish to race that was distinctly different to the Anglo-Saxon attitude . Also, the Spanish slave code was “more progressive” (if we can ever call it that) compared to anything the English, or even the French, society ever came up with. All this made New Orleans a city like no other.

The book is at times quite heavy in details. For example the author describes the legal nuances of French and Spanish law (especially regarding the slave codes) as well as lists plenty of names of local dignitaries. But all those details really help to understand why New Orleans developed the way it did. And besides, for me the more detailed the book the better, I simply hate simplified histories.

So, that’s it for now. All three books are well worth a read. If you only have time or patience for one of them start from the one most relevant to your interests. Oh, and as soon as I read something good I promise to share it with you again. In the meantime there will be more travel stories coming, including of course the fabulous New Orleans.Bourbon Bar